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Cybercrime can take many forms, but they all have a common digital environment. In general, a good definition of cybercrime would be: crimes that damage your reputation or cause physical or mental harm to victims when using computers and / or networks, such as the Internet or cellular networks.

In a nutshell, cybercrime can be divided into two broad categories: computers as targets and computers as tools.

The computer as an objective crime requires much more specialized knowledge on the part of the perpetrators and is generally committed as a group of people and not as a loner. Given the technical knowledge required for the execution and the novelty of this type of crime, these are those for which the company is no longer prepared. Fortunately, due to the required knowledge and coordination, this type of cyber-crime is the rarest. These crimes generally depend on computer viruses, malware, and denial of service attacks.

The computer as a tool is a much less sophisticated crime, which makes it much more common. The attacker relies on human weaknesses to exploit them. This includes theft, fraud, and harassment that existed for centuries long before computers began to develop. Since this is the most common cyber-crime, we will focus on it in this article.

The 5 Most Common Types of Cybercrime:

Phishing Scam

Phishing is one of the main forms of social engineering attacks and, like any social engineering attack, tries to trick unsuspecting users into revealing personal information.

Typically, these cybercrimes are committed by stealing the identity of reputable and popular brands, creating fake social media profiles, and fraudulent websites to attract users. These websites copy the appearance of the actual website to create a sense of security, and usually ask to fill out forms with personal information in order to receive benefits such as discounts. The most sophisticated of these websites can contain malicious scripts that remove this information from the browser without the need for modules.

This information is then monetized. In the worst case, bank details were stolen. Although no banking information has been provided, there are many ways to use personal information, as the Cambridge Analytica scandal shows.

From a commercial point of view, these scams usually try to pretend to be potential suppliers.

How to Protect Yourself from Phishing Scams

You should check all domains you connect to and not provide information about dangerous websites. On secure websites, a small padlock is always shown at the beginning of the URL.

Also pay attention to the names and domains of social media profiles. Big brands usually check their profiles on social media, and entering domains is a common tactic.

Of course, using common sense against these scams is also very important. If it’s too good to be true, it’s usually not.

From a business perspective, employees should be trained and trained, because the ultimate goal is to protect people from this type of cybercrime.

Internet Fraud:

These types of scams usually lead people to send money, which in the short term promises much more. The best-known scam is the “Nigerian” scam, also known as “419” scam, the number of Nigerian laws that you violate.

These scams were already widespread via fax, telephone and traditional mail, but the Internet made access much easier.

Usually, the victim receives a message from someone who needs help sending large amounts of money from a foreign country. There are many varieties of this scam and it is growing every day.

The victim is asked to pay a small fraction of the costs of transferring money or property, and further reduction of benefits is promised after the trial.

If the victim falls in love with him and gives money, he is informed that there are complications and that he needs more money. Of course, the victim will not restore anything and it will continue until the cheater feels that he is not receiving anything from this victim and jumps on another.

Another common scam is fake job offers, in which the victim is asked to pay money to cover the cost of documents or initial training.

How to Stay Safe from Internet Fraud?

Common sense is our best defense against this type of cyber-crime, as in the case of fishing fraud. If the offer is too good to be true, it is generally not true.

Do not trust unwanted contacts from foreigners who offer very attractive offers and never pay in advance for one of them.

Online Intellectual Property Infringements

IPR infringements include the sale of counterfeit or duplicated products, piracy, patent infringement, etc. The following article provides a complete list of all types of IPR infringements.

In summary, we will explain them briefly in this article:

Counterfeit and duplicated products: A product similar to an existing third-party product; Although fakes are branded, replicas are not.

Piracy: Piracy is not allowed to copy, copy and distribute copyrighted material.

Patent infringement: these are products that accurately copy the functionality and mechanism of products protected by utility models.

To Protect Your Brand From Intellectual Property Infringements On The Internet

There are two ways to protect your intellectual property on the Internet.

Internal detection teams and lawyers are available to search the Internet and report authors. This method takes a lot of time and effort and is best suited for small businesses that do not have big problems.

There is also software such as our brand protection software and our anti-piracy software that can be used to economically scale these efforts if the problem goes beyond the internal team.

To help you choose the best approach to cybercrime for your business, we’ve recently written a blog about choosing the right brand protection solution for your business.

Identity Theft

Identity theft is closely related to the phishing scams described above. Like other computers as a cybercrime tool, they existed long before the Internet, but they certainly have improved in scope and ease of implementation.

Identity theft occurs in two main ways, according to the stolen information. These modules are less damage if only personal data or accounts without registered payment methods have been stolen. However, it can be much worse if your credit card or account information is stolen, since cybercriminals can make purchases that weigh on your account.

This also applies to companies, but please note first that former employees may be dissatisfied and still have access to their accounts.

How to Protect Yourself Against Identity Theft

The easiest and cheapest way to protect your identity online is to provide as little information about yourself as possible.

You should also monitor your online account activity and proactively report suspicious activity when this occurs.

Online Harassment and Cyberstalking

Unfortunately, intimidation is widespread in today’s world, especially when people feel protected by the anonymity offered by the Internet. One of the fastest-growing and best-known online harassment in recent years has been revenge.

Internet bullying and online bullying are usually contained on social media in the form of messages, comments or direct messages; but you can also send it via email. The main form of these messages is primarily libelous or threatening a person or group.

Cyber ​​bullying is another type of intimidation that focuses on a person who is carefully controlled by the criminal. We will probably also contact the employers, colleagues and family members of the victim both to defame the victim and to attempt to extract more personal data to promote bullying.

Cyber-stalkers usually switch to doxing if they want to put more pressure on the victim, which involves revealing the victim’s personal data for malicious purposes, usually in poisonous online communities where they hope to find information. “Other people who want to join the staff.

These cybercrimes are extremely harmful to the victim’s mental health, and many people have reported cases of mental illness and even suicide.

How to Protect Yourself from Online Bullying and Cyber Bullying

It is very easy to protect yourself against them, these cases should be reported on the social media platform, if the harassment or harassment takes place there and before the competent authorities.

The problem is usually that the victim may be afraid to report these cyber-crimes if the offender intensifies his efforts and the harassment worsens, especially if the victim knows the attacker. That is why it is so important for the victim’s environment to identify and respond to this problem.


As we have seen, cybercrime takes many forms and is not entirely new. Thanks to new technologies, it is simpler and more widespread.

It is very important to pay attention to this and other cyber-crimes in personal and professional life and to keep your eyes open, especially in times of crisis when criminals multiply.


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