The International Classification of Goods and Services for the Purposes of the Registration of Marks was built up by an Agreement closed at the Nice Diplomatic Conference, on June 15, 1957, was reconsidered at Stockholm, in 1967, and at Geneva, in 1977, and was altered in 1979.
The nations gathering to the Nice Agreement comprise a Special Union inside the structure of the Paris Union for the Protection of Industrial Property. They have embraced and apply the Nice Classification for the motivations behind the enrollment of imprints.
Every one of the nations gathering to the Nice Agreement is obliged to apply the Nice Classification regarding the enrollment of imprints, either as the essential grouping or as an auxiliary order, and needs to remember for the official archives and productions identifying with its enlistments of imprints the quantities of the classes of the Classification to which the merchandise or administrations for which the imprints are enlisted have a place.
Use of the Nice Classification is mandatory not only for the national registration of marks in countries party to the Nice Agreement, but also for the international registration of marks effected by the African Intellectual Property Organization (OAPI), the African Regional Intellectual Property Organization (ARIPO), the Benelux Office for Intellectual Property (BOIP), the European Union Intellectual Property Office (EUIPO) and the International Bureau of WIPO. The Nice Classification is also applied in a number of countries not party to the Nice Agreement.
Modifications of the Nice Classification
The Nice Classification depends on the Classification arranged by the United International Bureaux for the Protection of Intellectual Property (BIRPI) – predecessor of WIPO – in 1935 It was that Classification, comprising of a rundown of 34 classes and a sequential rundown of merchandise, that was received under the Nice Agreement and later extended to grasp likewise eleven classes covering administrations and an in order rundown of those administrations.
The Nice Agreement accommodates the setting-up of a Committee of Experts wherein all nations gathering to the Agreement are spoken to. The Committee of Experts settles on all adjustments in the Classification, specifically the exchange of merchandise and ventures between different classes, the refreshing of the in sequential order list and the presentation of fundamental illustrative notes.
Since the section into power of the Nice Agreement, on April 8, 1961, the Committee of Experts has, among its most recognizable accomplishments, did the update of the in sequential order rundown of merchandise and ventures from the perspective of structure (in the late 1970s); considerably altered the general comments, the class headings and the logical notes (in 1982); presented an “essential number” for each single item or administration in the in order rundown (in 1990), which number empowers the client to locate the comparable item or administration in the in sequential order arrangements of other language renditions of the Classification; reexamined class 42 with the formation of classes 43 to 45 (in 2000); and attempted a general survey of all class headings and illustrative notes with the end goal of fitting their structure and explaining their substance, specifically with the incorporation of explicit models inside each class (from 2016 to 2020).
Editions of the Nice Classification
Since, the principal version of the Nice Classification distributed in 1963, releases are distributed and go into power normally like clockwork. Since 2013, the Nice Classification is changed once every year and another rendition of every release is distributed yearly and goes into power on January 1.
The bona fide writings of the Nice Classification (in English and in French) are distributed online by WIPO. By choice of the Committee of Experts, the paper production has been ended, the tenth edition, distributed in June 2011, being the last printed version.